invented German roots. 27275 a b c d Salmonowicz 1994,. . 55 The press was reduced from over 2,000 publications to a few dozen, all censored by the Germans. 6364 Lukowski, Zawadzki 2006,. . The Underground State's Department of Culture sponsored various initiatives and individuals, enabling them to continue their work and aiding in their publication. 22 32 During World War II Poland lost 39 to 45 of its physicians and dentists, 26 to 57 of its lawyers, 15 to 30 of its teachers, 30 to 40 of its scientists and university professors, and 18 to 28 of its clergy. An Introductory Report on the State of Knowledge) (in Polish Warsaw: Wydawnictwo Reklama, isbn Ordęga, Adam; Terlecki, Tymon (1945 Straty kultury polskiej, (Losses of Polish Culture, 19391944) (in Polish Glasgow: Książnica Polska Pruszynski, Jan.h (1997 "Poland: The War Losses. 58 Piotrowski 1997,. .
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Retrieved on b c d e f Knuth 2003,. . 114 Although many of them died, some survived abroad, like Alexandre Tansman in the United States, and Eddie Rosner and Henryk Wars in the Soviet Union. 215, 221 Salmonowicz 1994,. . Reichsführer-SS Heinrich Himmler wrote, in a memorandum of May 1940: "The sole purpose of this schooling is to teach them simple arithmetic, nothing above the number 500; how to write one's name; and the doctrine that it is divine law to obey the Germans. 204 Drozdowski, Zahorski 2004. (1996 Historical Dictionary of Poland, 9661945, Greenwood Publishing Group, isbn Lukowski, Jerzy ; Zawadzki, Hubert (2006 A Concise History of Poland (2nd. 49 Some private publishers, including Stefan Kamieński, Zbigniew Mitzner and the Ossolineum publishing house, paid writers for books that would be delivered after the war. A b (in Polish)Likowska, Ewa (2001). 10 Shuttered museums were replaced by occasional art exhibitions that frequently conveyed propagandist themes.
A b c (in Polish) Rewindykacja dóbr kultury at Polish Ministry of Foreign Affairs. 46 The public destruction of Polish books nous linertin meilleur site de rencontre sex
was not limited to those seized from libraries, but also included those books that were confiscated from private homes. A b c d e f Salmonowicz 1994,. . 419 Ferguson 2006,. . 229 a b c Madajczyk 1970,. . 109 Theater was also active in the Jewish ghettos and in the camps for Polish war prisoners. 2 33 The Jewish intelligentsia was exterminated altogether. 9 83 84 More than 90,000 secondary-school pupils attended underground classes held by nearly 6,000 teachers between 19 in four districts of the General Government (centered on the cities of Warsaw, Kraków, Radom and Lublin ). Eugeniusz Lokajski took some 1,000 photographs before he died; 120 Sylwester Braun some 3,000, of which 1,500 survive; 121 Jerzy Tomaszewski some 1,000, of which 600 survived. 323 Madajczyk 1970,. . The Germanization of place names prevailed. 140 a b c d Salmonowicz 1994,. . 38 44 The new educational aims for Poles included convincing them that their national fate was hopeless, and teaching them to be submissive and respectful to Germans. 179 Madajczyk 1970,. . 89 Warsaw Politechnic under occupation educated 3,000 students, issuing 186 engineering degrees, 18 doctoral ones and 16 habilitations. 11 One of the Department's earliest decrees prohibited the organization of all but the most "primitive" of cultural activities without the Department's prior approval. Cambridge University Press, isbn Madajczyk, Czesław (1970 Polityka III Rzeszy w okupowanej Polsce, Tom II (Politics of the Third Reich in Occupied Poland, Part Two) (in Polish Państwowe Wydawnictwo Naukowe Murdoch, Brian (1990 Fighting Songs and Warring Words: Popular Lyrics. Initial efforts were directed towards creating a negative image of pre-war Poland, 18 and later efforts were aimed at fostering anti-Soviet, antisemitic, and pro-German attitudes. Cornis-Pope, Neubauer 2004,. . 28 The Nazis planned to level entire cities. 95 96 In 1943 a German report on education admitted that control of what was being taught in schools, particularly rural ones, was difficult, due to lack of manpower, transportation, and the activities of the Polish resistance. 50 Mere possession of such books was illegal and punishable by imprisonment. Stalin, like Hitler, worked to eliminate Polish society. 90 Jagiellonian University issued 468 masters and 62 doctoral degrees, employed over 100 professors and teachers, and served more than 1,000 students per year. 85 Overall, in that period in the General Government, one of every three children was receiving some sort of education from the underground organizations; the number rose to about 70 for children old enough to attend secondary school. 127 Influence on postwar culture edit Rozstrzelanie V (Execution by Firing Squad, V) (1949) by Andrzej Wróblewski, set in German-occupied Poland See also: Cultural representations of the Warsaw Uprising The wartime attempts to destroy Polish culture may have strengthened it instead.